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Product descriptions always include the weights of paper and card as this indicates its sturdiness. This weight is generally referred to as "gsm" (‘grams per square metre’) – how many grams there are in one square metre of that sheet. Paper has a lower gsm, while card has a higher gsm.
Common paper weights range from 80gsm to 170gsm – anything above is entering the card weight region. If you're an avid card maker and love using heavy embellishments, you may prefer to use a heavier weight cardstock to ensure your design can stand up under the strain. However if you'd prefer to incorporate fun little paper decorations, a lighter weight may be more ideal.
Below is a little chart giving examples of what each weight is generally used for.
Paper and Card Weights Chart
At a higher weight, a second measure is sometimes used to indicate the thickness of a sheet: 'mics', or 'microns' (one micron is equivalent to 1/1000 of a millimetre). This measurement isn't often used as it tends to confuse matters – a higher gsm doesn't necessarily mean a higher amount of microns as that specific sheet could have a raised or embossed texture. The most common use of microns when explaining thickness is in reference to vellum – 220mics signifies a good vellum weight!
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